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ATAL BHUJAL YOJANA — WHY A SCHEME FOR GROUNDWATER
Sample question-
Atal Bhujal Yojana has been launched amid growing concerns over the country’s groundwater resources. Explain the scheme and how will it help solve the current water crisis of India?
The current case-
 Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Atal Bhujal Yojana, or Atal Jal, a day after the Cabinet approved it.
 Atal Jal is a World Bank-funded, central scheme aimed at improving groundwater management. It was approved by the World Bank Board in June 2018.
 The idea first came up in 2015, in view of depleting groundwater resources. The government announced its intention to start a programme for management of groundwater resources in the Budget of 2016-17, with an estimated cost of about Rs 6,000 crore.
How scarce is water in India?

India accounts for 16 per cent of the world’s population living in less than 2.5 per cent of the global area, and has just 4 per cent of the global water resources. Withthepopulationrising,demandforwaterwillincreasemanifoldincomingyears. According to the CWC, per capita availability in the country will decrease from 1,434 cubic metres in 2025 to 1,219 cubic metres in 2050.
By CWC benchmarks, a water-stressed condition happens when per capita availability is less than 1,700 cubic metres, and a water-scarcity condition when per capita availability falls below 1,000 cubic metres. Some river basins are facing a water-scarcity condition.
Among these are the basins of the Indus (up to the border), Krishna, Cauvery, Subarnarekha, Pennar, Mahi, Sabarmati and east-flowing rivers, and west-flowing rivers of Kutch and Saurashtra including Luni.
Water scarcity is most acute in the basins of the Cauvery, Pennar, Sabarmati and east-flowing rivers, and west-flowing rivers of Kutch and Saurashtra including Luni.
the groundwater situation in particular?
Accordingto‘WaterandRelatedStatistics2019’, areportpublishedbytheCWC,theannual replenishable groundwater resources in India (2017) are 432 BCM, out of which 393 BCM is the annual “extractable” groundwater availability.
Fifteen states account for about 90 per cent of the groundwater potential in the country. Uttar Pradesh accounts for 16.2 per cent, followed by Madhya Pradesh (8.4%), Maharashtra (7.3%), Bihar (7.3%), West Bengal (6.8%), Assam (6.6%), Punjab (5.5%) and Gujarat (5.2%).
The current annual groundwater extraction is 249 BCM, the largest user being the irrigation sector.
 This is why the government has called for alternatives to water-intensive crops such as paddy and sugarcane.
What is the role of the CGWB?
 The CGWB has classified the country’s assessment units (blocks, taluks, mandals etc) into safe, semi-critical and over-exploited in terms of groundwater resources.
 In the north, more than 60% of the assessment units in Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan are either over-exploited or critical.
 During the Monsoon Session of Parliament, the Jal Shakti Ministry had said 14% of the country’s assessment units are semi-critical, 5% are critical, and 17% are over-exploited, as of 2017.
How much of this does the new scheme seek to address?
 For now, the Atal Bhujal Yojana will be implemented in seven states – Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and UP over five years from 2020-21 to 2024-25.
 According to Jal Shakti Ministry sources, if the scheme meets its objectives in water-stressed areas, it will be extended to other parts of the country.
How will these objectives be met?
 The focus will be on arresting the rate of decline of groundwater levels as well as water consumption.
 The scheme will seek to strengthen the institutional framework and bring about behavioural changes at community level for sustainable groundwater resource management. It envisages community-led Water Security Plans.
 There has been a Groundwater Management and Regulation scheme to manage the country’s groundwater resources since 2013. The new scheme is an updated and modified version.
 Concepts such as ‘Water User Associations’ and Water Budgeting will be introduced. Better performing districts and panchayats will get more funds.

Source-
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-a-scheme-for-groundwater-recharge-atal-bhujal- yojana-6186562/
Dear All,

We are sorry to update that today’s test will be released with a slight delay. By 10 am.

Thanks
Dear Students, we have made available World History Video Course available for all subscribers of UPSC Prelims Test Series 2019, please check your student's dashboard for more info on same, thanks
Dear Students,

Today's UPSC Prelims History Test is live now, please take up the test at this link: https://bit.ly/2RrrEqu

*Topics for the Test*
Revolutionary Terrorism / Trade Union / Peasants Movement:
Period: From Chabekar Brothers to Khadi Ram Bose;
to Bhagat Singh to Surya Sen to SC. Bose.
Factories act of 1881 to the Bombay Plan.
From Deccan Riots to Tebhaga movement.

*Prepare from (Syllabus)*
NCERT Class XII
- A Brief History of
Modern India – Spectrum Publication
• Struggle for India’s Independence – Bipin Chandra

Test Goes Live at 18 Nov 2019, 10:00 am
THREATENED SPECIES OF INDIA, WPA & WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT PROJECTS
Dear Aspirants,

Geography Test Set 5, goes live today at 9:00 am for all UPSC Prelims Test Series Aspirants, you are requested to please take up the test at: https://bit.ly/2O0ASsW

Topics under this test:
Climate of India : Influence and distribution.
Monsoon: Formation, Distribution and Economic Value
Drainage System: Ganga System, Indus
System, Brahmaputra System, South Indian Rivers and Other rivers. * Natural Disasters
* Cities Located on the Banks of Major Rivers
* Waterfalls and Lakes.
* Irrigation , Canals and Multipurpose
* River Valley Projects.
You can download monthly current affairs from our website www.iqraias.com
Dear Aspirants,

UPSC Prelims Test Series, Geography Test 6 will be live today at 9 am, you are requested to please take up this test at: https://bit.ly/2RIZmaU

Today's Test Topics:

Agriculture: Green Revolution, Food crops, cash crops, Pulses, Oilseeds, Plantation crops, Silk.
* Types of Agriculture practice in India.
* Animal Husbandry, mixed farming, fishing, and livestock.

Mineral Resources: Import-Export, Distribution and Economic importance States & Union Territories: Boundaries * Tourism industry.
* Spices, Tribes & Languages Industries: Location and Conditions
* Indian Research Centers